|Latin name:||Capsicum annuum|
|Botanic family:||The Nightshade Family - Solanaceae|
|Days to maturity:||58|
SowingSow indoors just under 1 cm deep 7-8 weeks before setting out, in January-March for cool green houses and in February-April for outdoors peppers! The best germination temperature is 22-30°C. Let the plants stand in a light airy place and after sprouting preferably at a temperature of 18°C. After getting a few real leaves the sprouts should be planted in pots. The temperature can now be lowered further. Temper the plants successively before setting out. Do not set the plants outdoors before the risk of nightly frost is over and the nightly temperature keeps above 7°C! Plant them a little deeper than they were in the pots and never allow them to dry out. Do not hurry too much with your sowing if you do not have a really good "nursery".
Spacing30-50 cm between the plants. 50-70 cm between rows.
HarvestThe fruits are sometimes harvested green but are not fully ripe until they turn red or yellow, orange and brown for some sorts. The plants get new fruits as long as they are harvested. Hot Peppers (Chillies) can also be harvested unripe, but develop their taste more as they ripen. Sun and heat are also important to get really potent chillies.
Seed100-150 seeds/g, one portion yields 10-15 good seedlings, about 10 g for 1000 seedlings.
A portion contains about 15 seeds.