Blooms in white-creamy-white during the whole summer yielding a large crop of 18-22 cm long dark-green pods which are strong and filling. They have rich taste and the flavour gets better if they are cut along their length and boiled in salted water for a few minutes. Grow them outdoors in the south and in greenhouses farther north, the seeds are white. A portion contains about 20 seeds.
|Scientific name:||Phaseolus coccineus|
|Botanic family:||The Bean Family - Fabaceae|
|Days to maturity:||70|
|Sowing depth:||3–5 cm|
|Germination time:||7–10 days|
|Plant spacing:||10–15 cm|
|Row spacing:||35–50 cm|
|Other:||Sow in warm soil|
SowingOne cannot sow too early, for if the seeds are to germinate and not rot, the soil must be warmed up to at least 12oC, preferably 16oC for un-disinfected seeds. Sow the beans 3-5 cm deep!
SpacingKeep 10-15 cm between the plants and 30-50 cm between the rows! The rows can be closer together in beds, but be careful. Beans should grow in an airy manner. If the climate is damp it is better to choose a wider distance between the plants and the rows. The Bean spot disease, a common fungal disease, can easily hit the plants, especially if they grow to close together.
HarvestPick off the pods often! Do not wait until they are too big, for then they grow more or less fibrous and get tough. The bean plant produces more pods as long as the old ones are picked. The beans can be frozen after parboiling or dried. Preservation is an old reliable method of keeping fresh beans and souring is too.
SeedThe seed is large and 1 seed weighs about 1 g. A portion contains 20 grams and sows 2-3 metres.
The runner bean is not self-pollinating like other beans and must have help from insects.