Is an Italian Frisée of curly, very deeply cut leaves. The big loosely knit head is dark-green with a self-blanching, creamy white interior. Pancalieri, which has been known by name since 1885, is sound and hardy and remains ready for harvest for a long time. It can be sown during the whole season and can handle several degrees of frost in autumn. Frisée is a beautiful and tasty ingredient in a salad. A portion contains about 300 seeds.
|Scientific name:||Cichorium endiva var. crispum|
|Botanic family:||The Sunflower Family - Asteraceae|
|Days to maturity:||55|
|Sowing time:||Pre-cultivate: March–May/Direct sow: May–August|
|Sowing depth:||1 cm|
|Germination time:||6–10 days|
|Plant spacing:||20–30 cm|
|Row spacing:||40–50 cm|
|Plant location:||Sun–Half shade|
SowingSow 1 cm deep, when the soil has warmed up to at least 10°C. The risk of bolters from the plant grows when the soil is too cold.
SpacingThin out to 20-30 cm between the plants and 40-50 cm between the rows.
HarvestLettuce-chicory is cultivated because of the leaves and heads and can be harvested far into autumn. The root- or forced chicory yields a strong pole-root for forcing during winter. It can be dried, toasted and ground for coffee surrogate, which is very common on the continent.
Roots for forcing are harvested late. Cut off the tops a few cm above the neck of the root, trim and shorten to 15-20 cm. Let them dry a little before storing in the same way as carrots. To force-grow pack them close together in a deep box or bucket with soil, moist sawdust or peat. If the space they are in is absolutely dark there is no need to cover, but the best crop comes from covering the roots with a 20 cm thick layer of dry sawdust or peat. Keep the box in darkness at a temperature of 15-20°C. After 4-6 weeks yellow-white, crisp heads can be harvested. If lighted they turn green and bitter.
SeedAbout 500 seeds/g, one portion sows at least 5 m and 7-10 g sows 100 m.
A portion contains about 300 seeds.