|Scientific name:||Daucus carota ssp. sativus|
|Botanic family:||The Parsley Family - Apiaceae|
|Days to maturity:||75|
|Sowing depth:||1 cm|
|Germination time:||7–14 days|
|Plant spacing:||2–6 cm|
|Row spacing:||20 cm|
SowingSow when the ground frost is over and heat has begun to penetrate the soil (the warmer soil, the faster germination, at least 7°C) or sow very late in autumn! The seeds then germinate next spring. The seeds, which germinate slowly, can be pre-germinated by putting them in tepid water for 24 hours before sowing. Dry them off and sow! Watering the row before sowing is another way of facilitating germination.
Sow 1 cm deep and not too densely or the thinning becomes difficult. Do not allow a crust to form, or it will be difficult for the seedlings to penetrate the surface. Water!
For fresh use during the summer, the carrots can also be sown continuously.
SpacingThe early carrots need 3-6 cm of mutual space. Keep 35-50 cm between the rows and in beds 15-25 cm between the rows is sufficient.
HarvestThe first harvest can be done by thinning out! The tiny roots are delicious.
The later carrots grow best in autumn and if they are to be stored, harvest as late as possible, but do not allow them to become over-ripe. The tops should still be freshly green and not have begun to wilt or become discoloured. Carrots are not affected by even several degrees of frost but allow them to thaw out completely before digging them out. Cover with plant refuse if you wish to harvest fresh roots well into winter. Leave a few cm of the tops at harvest and handle the roots carefully! Jolts diminish the keeping qualities of carrots considerably. Store them in sand, dry leaves, peat or saw-dust in a cellar. If the storage space is excellent they keep in sacks or boxes. Carrots winter the best at a temperature of 0-1°C and high humidity.
Also the later varieties can be harvested as soon as they have developed a clear orange colour, throughot the season! They have a slightly different structure than the early ones.