Sweet Pepper

    Capsicum annuum
The origin of all these sorts was one single plant from Central Bolivia. Already in 7000 BC there were descendants from this plant almost everywhere in South and Central America. 2000 years later both Hot Peppers (Chilli) and the large fruits of Sweet Peppers were grown to very great extent. Some researchers no longer consider Columbus to be the one who brought both sweet an hot peppers to the old world. They were grown in large parts of Asia several thousand years ago and probably arrived from across the Pacific in one way or another. The peppers arrived early in Europe from the Middle East.
Discoveries in the ruins of a convent at Lund show that Hot Peppers had come to Sweden already in the 1200s. The thick-walled, milder Sweet Pepper arrived a little later and was named in Hungary 1569. It is preferable to grow Sweet and Hot Peppers under protection, hot beds or green houses. Cultivation outdoors could succeed if the weather is good and the place favourable. They are affected by frost and need a lot of heat to develop well, but in temperatures above 30C, germination is poor and the plants may loose their flowers. Please air and shadow the green house if it is too hot. Peppers grow best in warm soil rich in humus with sufficient access to nitrogen and phosphorus and in the pleasurable company of Basil and the onion family. Allow the plant to develop 3-4 branches.
The Sweet Pepper can also be bound up like a tomato plant in a green house and grow 2-3 m tall if sown really early. Prune down to 2-3 branches and fasten them along hanging wires. Harvest successively!

SOWING: Read in the chapter on tomatoes on sowing and growing seedlings. Sweet Pepper can however be sown a little earlier and prefers a warmer place especially during the night.

SPACING: 30-50 cm between the plants.

HARVEST: The fruits are sometimes harvested green but are not fully ripe until they turn red or yellow, orange and brown for some sorts. The plants get new fruits as long as they are harvested. Hot Peppers (Chillies) can also be harvested unripe, but develop their taste more as they ripen. Sun and heat are also important to get really potent chillies.  

SEEDS: 100-150 seeds/g, one portion yields 10-15 good seedlings, about 10 g for 1000 seedlings.
Ferenc Tender, organic seeds
Is a very early and hardy pepper from Hungary. We are always searching for fast peppers which fit our northern climate, not just in green houses but outdoors. Ferenc is one of the best we have found. ...

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Korosco, organic seeds
No description

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Lipstick, organic seeds
Ripens early with beautiful, shiny, conical fruits. They are heavy, about 12 cm long, dark-green turning a shiny very red colour. Lipstick is a thick-walled, juicy and tasty pepper for green houses an...

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Klari Baby Cheese, organic seeds
A rare Hungarian pepper with flat-round, slightly ribbed fruits, The shape resembles a small wheel of cheese. The fruits are 6-7 cm in diameter and 3-4 cm high and can be enjoyed in all stages from li...

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Apple, organic seeds
Was named for its mild, sweet taste and juicy flesh, 8-10 cm long turning red as it ripens. This plant is of medium size, about 40 cm. Apple is an early, hardy pepper with unusually fruity fruits. A p...

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King of the North, organic seeds
Typical shop-bought peppers with plump, broad and relatively short fruits. Almost all have four chambers, the odd one has only three. The flesh is thick and juicy. King is not the very earliest variet...

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Pusztagold, organic seeds
Well known and popular medium-early paprika from Hungary. The plant, which is steady and 60-70 cm high, gives very large, three-chambered, tapered fruits with a blunt tip. The flesh is mild and quite ...

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Yesil Tatli, organic seeds
Is a long, beautiful very tasty pepper from Turkey. The fruits are cone-shaped, easy to grow, 18-20 cm long and about 5 cm across. This pepper changes in colour from yellow-green when unripe, over ora...

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Sweet Nardello, ekofrö
No description

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Hungarian Boldog, organic
No description

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Yolo Wonder, organic seeds
Is an improvement on the well-known California Wonder from the 1920s. It has large, heavy, 3-4-roomed fruits of firm, thick flesh. The blunt fruits are dark-green and turn vermilion when fully ripe. T...

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Marconi Rosso, organic seeds
Is a traditional well-known pepper from Italy. This fruit is 3-roomed, a shiny deep-red when fully ripe, cone-shaped and large, 5-7 cm wide and sometimes more than 20 cm long weighing about 150 g. M.R...

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